Appendix B      Table     3.9

    Detailed   Analysis  and  Categorization  of  Drill  Examples  
    according to Cue and Response Model:        



     1.    This  table contains excerts from the original drills  
     listed in Appendix A.   For a complete understanding of the  
     nature of a drill example,  reference should be made to the  
     original.

     2.    For a complete understanding of this table, reference  
     should be made to section 3.7 of the text.     

     3.    Symbols and conventions used in this table:

     C:        The cue  (where the cue is presented as part of a  
                         cue-framework, this is noted.  Only the  
                         raw cue is shown here, however)

     M:        The response-model
          
     C:+M:     The response-model,  with the cue imbedded within  
               it

     R:        The learner's response,  in cases where there  is  
               no explicit response-model

     Rd:       Redundant elements which must be removed from the  
               response-model

     M:+Rd:    The response-model, containing redundant elements               
     
     []        An insertion-slot in the response-model

     [1]       Positional slots

     [xxx]     An    insertion-slot   in   the   response-model,  
               containing the original element which the learner  
               must replace with a new element

     xxx   a.  A cue imbedded within the response-model
               b.  Redundant elements within the response-model

     ----complication   A situation to be considered in outside  
                        of this  table

     -->       An action of some sort.  For example:
               C:  --->  M:    refers to the action of inserting  
                               the cue into the model

.-->120                                                                                            

              Part One:    Simple Operations:  Only one discrete operation to perform
      
                    (Type of Operation:  Final goal of the operation is...)
      
      
              I.   Insertions into model
      
                     A.     Insertion of cue into model:     C: --> M:[] 
      
                         1.   3.4       Dacanay   Simple Substitution
      
                              C: away   --> M:  I'm going []  
                              C: later  --> M:  I'm going []  
      
                         3.   3.6       Dacanay   Moving Slot Substitution
      
                              C: tonight     -->  M:  The [] leaves [] at seven.
                              C: bus         -->  M:  The [] leaves [] at seven.
      
                         6.   3.9       Dacanay   Transposition Transformation
      
                              C: for me     -->   M:  Mother made [] a dress []. 
                              C: to me      -->   M:  My friend gave [] the pen [].
         
                         7.   3.10      Dacanay   Expansion Transformation
      
                              C:  two      -->    M:  The [] napkins are on the table.
                              C:  paper    -->    M:  The [] two [] napkins are on the table.
                              C:  pretty   -->    M:  The [] two [] paper [] napkins are on the table.    
                              C:  yellow   -->    M:  The [] two [] pretty [] paper [] napkins are on the table.
        
                         8.   3.11      Dacanay   Expansion Transformation
      
                              C:   always  -->    M:  He [] 's [] on time [].
                              C:   always  -->    M:  I  [] write [] to them [].                               
                              C:   regularly -->  M:  I  [] write [] to them [].
                              C:   now     -->    M:  He [] 's [] leaving [].
         
                         16.  3.21      Rivers    Double Substitution                                                                    
      
                              C:   If you want it        -->  M:  [If I find it] [I'll give it to you].
                              C:   he'll sell it to you  -->  M:  [If you want it] [I'll give it to you].

      
                              C:   pen  -->  M:   The [] is on the table.
                              C:   box  -->  M:   The [] is on the table.
      
                         36.  3.42      Robinett  Moving Slot Substitution
           
                              C:   he        -->  M:   [She] [bought] a [car] [yesterday].
                              C:   house     -->  M:   [He] [bought] a [car] [yesterday].
                              C:   last week -->  M:   [He] [bought] a [house] [yesterday].
                              C:   sold      -->  M:   [He] [bought] a [house] [last week].
      
                         44.  3.60      Cook      Plain Substitution
      
                              C:   whisky    -->  M:   [I] [love] [ ].
                              C:   hate      -->  M:   [I] [love] [whisky].
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              *  Correlative change to other element
      
                              C:   He        -->1.   M:   [I] [hate] [whisky].
                                                2.   M:   He hate[] whisky.
      
                         45.  3.61      Cook      Sequence Substitution
      
                              * Isolation of cue from cue framework.
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:   skating   -->  M:   Oh, I prefer [].
                              C:   walking   -->  M:   Oh, I prefer [].
      
                         56.  3.118     Stack     Transformation: directed increment
      
                              C:   il se repose -->  M:  Si Paul est fatigue' [].
                              C:   elle gagne   -->  M:  Si Marie est chanceuse [].
      
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              * cue changes in form to conform to model
      
                         57.  3.120     Stack     Transformation: negation
      
                              * Formalized Drill:  cue implicit
                              --------------------------------------------------complication   
                              C:   not       -->  M:  They [] reading.
                              C:   not       -->  M:  He   [] walking.
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              *  Form of cue can change:  not/n't

      
                              Formalized drill:  Cue is implicit
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:   ma's     M:   Este reloj es [] bonito.
                              C:   ma's     M:   Esta casa es [] grande.
      

                         69.  3.144     Stack     Question Drill: you-I conversion
      
                              *Isolation of cue from cue framework
                              -------------------------------------------------complication
                              C: like music                   -->  M:  Yes, I []
                              C: attend the Sunday concerts   -->  M:  Yes, I []  
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              *  Form of cue can change:  ... do/attend/attend them.
      
      
                    B. Insertion of secondary element into model        E: --> M:C: []
      
                     (Cue is inserted,  triggering correlated change effected  by  
                     insertion  of  secondary  element  in  another  position  in  
                     model.)
                  
      
                         2.   3.5       Dacanay   Correlative Substitution
      
                              C:+M:     Where [] Jose'  live?
                              C:+M:     Where [] the boys live?  
      
                         28.  3.34      Rivers    Type A1 Completion
      
                              *Isolation of cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:+M:     If I   saw  him I [] tell him.
                              C:+M:     If you took it  I [] tell him.
                              C:+M:     If she comes    I [] tell him.
      
                         29.  3.35      Rivers    Type A2 Completion
      
                              *Isolation of cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:+M:     A person who builds houses is a []
                              C:+M:     A person who sells meat    is a []
      
                         35.  3.41      Robinett  Correlative Substitution
      
                              C:+M:     Mary and John []  studying.
                              C:+M:     My brother    []  studying.

      
                              *Partially Formalized Drill
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:+M:     Alain [] un bon diner hier.
                              C:+M:     Roger [] a` ses amis hier.

                         63.  3.132     Stack     Paired Sentence: conditionals
      
                              C:+M:     If the weather is nice, I [] go downtown.
                              C:+M:     If the weather were nice, I [] downtown.

                         66.  3.140     Stack     Fixed Increment
      
                              *Isolation of cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:+M:     El aprende [] hablar espan~ol.
                              C:+M:     El recuerda [] hablar espan~ol.
                              C:+M:     Le gusta [] hablar espan~ol.
      
                         67.  3.142     Stack     Analogy Drill: tag questions
      
                              *Isolation of cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:+M:     Paul [] a lot of books too.
                              C:+M:     Carol [] a lot too.
      
      
                         68.  3.143     Stack     Analogy Drill: tag questions
      
                              *Isolation of cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:+M:     El la'piz     es [].
                              C:+M:     La profesora es [].
      
      
                    C. Insertion of element triggered by cue          C:-->E:-->M:[]
      
                         (Cue itself is not inserted.  Cue triggers choice of another  
                         element which is inserted in its place.)
      
      
      
                         15.  3.20      Rivers    Simple Substitution
      
                              *Isolation of Cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:  uncle    M:   Yes, [] 's across the road.
                              C:  sister   M:   Yes, [] 's across the road.
      

      
                              C:her mother   M:Janet read [] the letter [].
                              C:the letter   M:Janet read [] to her.
                              ------------------------------------------------complication
                              her mother -->"her"  in  one location
                                            "to her" in another location 
      

                         22.  3.29      Rivers    General Conversion
      
                              C:it           M:I gave [] to her.
                              C:her          M:I gave [] a car.
                              ------------------------------------------------complication
                              a. Choice of model:
                              I gave [] to her/I gave her []
                              I gave [] a car/ I gave a car [] 
                              b. Model dependent on previous item  
      
                         40.  3.46      Robinett  Reduction Transformation
      
                              *Isolation of cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C: mow the lawn          M:  She's going to have []
                              C: fix the sidewalk      M:  She's going to have []
      
                         41.  3.47      Robinett  Response Transformation
      
                              *Isolation of Cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:  chairs   M:   Yes, just a [], please.
                              C:  help     M:   Yes, just a [], please.
      
                         46.  3.62      Cook      Lexical Pair Substitution
      
                              *Isolation of Cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:  young    M:   No, he's [].
                              C:  rich     M:   No, he's [].
      
                         47.  3.63      Cook      Lexical Sets Substitution
      
                              *Isolation of Cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:  Tuesday       M:   Couldn't you see him on [] instead? 
                              C:  Sunday        M:   Couldn't you see him on [] instead? 


                              C:   It's raining           M:   How [] !
                              C:   The Sun's come out!    M:   How [] !
      
                         49.  3.65      Cook      Pronoun Substitution
      
                              *Isolation of Cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:  he    M:   Oh yes, [] was there. 
                              C:  she   M:   Oh yes, [] was there. 
      
                         50.  3.66      Cook      Knowledge Substitution
      
                              C:  Who wrote Hamlet?                  M:   [] did.
                              C:  Who was Queen Victoria's husband?  M:   [] was.
      
                         51.  3.106     Stack     Replacement
      
                              *Isolation of Cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:  typewriter    M:   I am buying [].
                              C:  the books     M:   I am buying [].
      
                         52.  3.111     Stack     Replacement
      
                              *Formalized Drill
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C: au cinema             M:  Allons [].
                              C: a` la gare             M:  Allons [].
      
                         54.  3.114     Stack     Replacement
      
                              *Isolation of Cue from cue framework
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:  twelve        M:   Paul has [] records.
                              C:  three         M:   She bought [] cars.
      
       

      
                          (Cue is deleted,  triggering correlative change effected  by  
                           insertion of secondary element in model.)
      
      
                         27.  3.33      Rivers    Type A Deletion
      
                              Formalized drill:  Cue is implicit
                              --------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:   n't     M:   They have--- [] coffee.
                              C:   n't     M:   She did-- []
      
      
                    E.   Free Insertion     E: -->  M:[]
       
                         26.  3.32      Rivers    Type B Expansion
      
                              M:   The [] man crosses the [] street [].
      
                         30.  3.36      Rivers    Type B Completion
      
                              M:   She has decided []
                              M:   You needn't []
      
      
      
               II.   Removal of redundant elements          M:+Rd: --> M:--
      
                         Not Present in Simple Operations
      
      
                         10.  3.13      Dacanay   Reduction Tranformation
      
                              1.   C: --> M:[]
      
                              C: noisy
                              M: The [] children [] who were making a lot of noise...
      
                              2.   M: The noisy children who were making a lot of noise ... 
                                   R: The noisy children ...
      
                         23.  3.30      Rivers    Combination Conversion
      
                              1.   C:  Give me the keys + I left you the keys.
                                   M:  Give me the keys [] I left you the keys.
           
                                   C:  Don't close the door + The door has just been painted.
                                   M:  Don't close the door [] the door has just been painted. 
      

      
                         4.   3.7       Dacanay   Transposition Transformation
      
                              M:   [The girl] [is] [ready]. -->   [2] [1] [3]?
                                       [1]     [2]   [3]
                              M:   [The boy]  [is] [coming].-->   [2] [1] [3]?
      
                         5.   3.8       Dacanay   Transposition Transformation
      
                               M:   [This morning] [he was here]. --> [2] [1].
                                         [1]            [2]
                               M:   [Occasionally] [he comes here]. --> [2] [1].
      
                         11.  3.14      Dacanay   Integration Transformation
      
                               M:   [Who made the report to the principal?] [Do you know?]
                                                  [1]                           [2]
                                     --> [2] [1]
                               --------------------------------------------------complication
                               *other interpretations possible
      
                         59.  3.127     Stack     Transformation: word order
      
                              M:   [Der Brunnen] [ist]   [tief]. --> [3] [2] [1].
                                        [1]        [2]      [3]
                              M:   [Der Antwort] [war] [falsch]. --> [3] [2] [1].
      
                         60.  3.129     Stack     Question Formation
      
                              M:   [Nous] [allons] en ville.      --> [2] [1] en ville.
                                     [1]     [2]      
                              M:   [Vous] [allez] a` la campagne   --> [2] [1] a la ...
      
       
               IV.  Production of new elements, based on cue     C:-->R:-->(M:)
      
                         24.  3.31A     Rivers    Restatement Conversion
      
                              C:   Tell George your name is Ronald.
                              R:   George, my name is Ronald.
                              C:   Ask Alice where she's going.
                              R:   Where are you going, Alice?
                              C:   Ask her to wait for you.
                              R:   Wait, please.
                                   Alice, wait!
                                   Alice, wait up!
                                   etc.
      

      
                              C:   Why didn't they come here before midnight?
                              R:  They didn't come because there...
                              C:   Do you often stay out late at night?
                              R:  No, I go home early because I ...
      
                         33.  3.39      Rivers    Rejoinder Exercise
      
                              C:   Didn't get the job.  Just got there as ...
                              R:   Tough luck!
                                   Too bad!
                                   Sorry about that!
                              C:   See you at the bus stop.
                              R:   Ok.
                                   Okay.
                                   Sure.
                                   Sorry, can't make it.
      
                         42.  3.54      Cook      Typical Drill

                              * Formalized Drill:  Negative answers

                              C:   Is Bill playing tennis tonight?
                              R:   No, he's not (going to play).
                                   No, he isn't (going to play).
                                       Bill ...
                              C:   Is Susan helping her mother this evening?
                              R:   No, she's not going to help.
                                   No, she's not helping her.
                                   etc.
         
                         70.  3.145     Stack     Question Drill: narration sequence
           
                              C:   Did she like her red cape?
                              R:   Yes.
                                   Yes, she did.
                                   Yes, she liked it.
                                   Yes, she liked her red cape.
      
                         32.  3.38      Rivers    Question-Answer Practice
      
                              C:   Does it live on a farm?
                              R:   No         (mediated)
                              ------------------------------------------------complication
                              C:   Give  me a question to distinguish a rhinoceros from an elephant.
                              R:   Does it have a horn?  (unmediated)         
      

      
               MULTIPLE OPERATIONS:  More than one discrete operation to perform
      
      
                    I.   Insertion + Insertion, prompted by the same cue
      
      
                         9.   3.12      Dacanay   Transposition & Expansion
      
                              1.   Insertion of secondary element into model: E:--> M:C:[]
      
                              *Formalized cue = not-->n't
      
                              C:+M:     He [] n't [like] coffee.
                                           a.             b.                   
      
           
                         17.  3.22      Rivers    Correlative Substitution
      
                              1.   Insertion of secondary element into model: E:--> M:C:[]
      
                              C:+M:     You []  []  lunch.
                                            a.  b.                   
      
      
                         64.  3.134     Stack     Paired Sentence: tense linkages

                             *Partially formalized Cue:
      
                              C: a. e'tudie  b. rentre
                              M: Alain [] quand je suis [].
                                        a.               b.
      
         
                    II.   Insertion of cue, then Insertion, prompted by cue
      
      
                         18.  3.24      Rivers    Multiple Substitution
      
                              1.   Insertion of primary element into model:  C:--> M:[]
      
                              C:Peter
                              M:[She] brings too many [pencils] to [school].
      
                              2.   Insertion of secondary element into model: E:-->M:C:[]
      
                              C:+M:  Peter [brings] [too many] pencils to school.
                                       a. ----->        <---------b.

      
                              *formalized cue:  Do/Does
      
                              1.   Insertion of primary element into model:  C:--> M:[]
      
                              C:Do/Does
                              M:[] Peter has a new car.
      
                              2.   Insertion of secondary element into model: E:-->M:C:[]
      
                              C:+M:  Does Peter [has] a new car.
                                             ----->   
      
                         25.  3.31B     Rivers    Restatement Conversion
      
                              *Formalized Drill
      
                              1.   Insertion of cue into model: C:-->M:[]
      
                              C:she
                              M:She  said  [] [] just arrived but [] [] leaving in  a  few  
                                           1.                     1.            minutes
      
                              2.   Insertion of secondary element into model: E:-->M:C:[]
      
                              C:+M:     She said she [] just arrived but 0 [] leaving in a few minutes.
      
      
                         37.  3.43      Robinett  Moving Slot & Correlative Substitution
      
                              1.   Insertion of primary element into model:  C:--> M:[]
      
                              C:yesterday
                              M:[She] is buying a car [today].
      
                              2.   Insertion of secondary element into model: E:-->M:C:[]
      
                              C:+M:  She [is buying] a car yesterday.
                                      ----->  <----------------
      
                         65.  3.136     Stack     Paired Sentence
      
                              1.   Insertion of primary element into model:  C:--> M:[]
      
                              C:speaks
                              M:The boy [is] polite.

      
                              C:+M:  The boy speaks [polite].
                                      -----> 

                    III.   Re-order, then  Re-order
      
      
                         12.  3.15      Dacanay   Integration & Transposition
      
                              *Formalized cue
          
                              1.   Re-order of model elements: M:[1][2]-->M:[1][2]
      
                              M:   [1]  Who is he?
                                   [2]  Do you know?
              
                              2.   Re-order of model elements: M:[1][2]-->M:[1][2]
      
                              M:   Do you know who [is] [he]-->Do you know [2][1]
                                                    [1]  [2]


               MIXED OPERATIONS
      
                    I.   Insertion + Removal
      
                         10.  3.13      Dacanay   Reduction Tranformation
      
                              1.   Insertion of cue into model:  C:-->M:[]
      
                              C:    noisy
                              M:    The [] children [] who were making a lot of noise were sent to bed.
      
                              2.   Removal of redundant elements:  M:+Rd:-->M:--
      
                              M:+Rd:       The  noisy children who were making a  lot  
                                             of noise were sent to bed.
                              M:--         The noisy children were sent to bed.
      

      
                              * Formalized Drill
      
                              1.   Removal of redundant elements:  M:+Rd:-->M:--
      
                              M:+Rd:       Mary is sick. She can't study her lessons.  
      
                              M:--         Mary is -- sick -- study her lessons.
      
                              2.   Insertion of cue into model:  C:-->M:[]
      
                              C:    to,too
                              M:    Mary is [] sick [] study her lessons.  
      
      
                         23.  3.30      Rivers    Combination Conversion
      
                              1.   Removal of redundant elements:  M:+Rd:-->M:--
      
                              M:+Rd:       Don't  close  the door the door  has  just been painted 
      
                              M:--         Don't   close  the  door  has  just   been painted.

                              2.   Insertion of cue into model:  C:-->M:[]

                              C:    that
                              M:    Don't close the door [] has just been painted.


                    II. Insertion, then Removal, then Insertion
      
                         62.  3.131     Stack     Paired Sentence: relative pronouns
      
                              1.   Insertion of cue into model:  C:-->M:[]
      
                              C:   I saw the man last night.
                              M:   The man [] is [] a [] doctor [].

                              2.   Removal of redundant elements:  M:+Rd:-->M:--
      
                              M:+Rd:         The  man  I saw the man last night is  a  doctor. 
      
                              M:--           The man I saw last night is a doctor.
      
                              3.   Insertion of secondary element into model: E:-->M:C:[]
      
                              C:    that/who
                              M:    The man [] I saw last night is a doctor.

      
                         38.  3.44      Robinett  Transposition Transformation
      
                              *Formalized drill
      
                              1.   Re-order of model elements: M:[1][2]-->M:[1][2]
      
                              M:   [She] [can] swim. --> [2][1] swim?
                                    [1]  [2]
      
                              2.   Production of new element, based on model.
      
                              C:   Can she swim?
                              R:   Yes, she can.
                                   No, she can't.
      
                         39.  3.45      Robinett  Integration Transformation
      
                              *Formalized cue
      
                              1.   Re-order, then Re-order
      
                              a.   Re-order of model elements: M:[1][2]-->M:[1][2]
      
                              M:   [1]  Who is she?
                                   [2]  Do you know?
                
                              b.   Re-order of model elements: M:[1][2]-->M:[1][2]
      
                              M:   Do you know who [is] [she]-->Do you know [2][1]
                                                    [1]  [2]
      
                              2.   Production of new element, based on model.
      
                              C:   Do you know who she is?
                              R:   Yes, I do.
                                   No, I don't.
      
                    IV.  Production of new elements, then insertion
      
                         71.  3.146     Stack     Question Drill: directed answers
      
                              1.   Production of new elements based on model: M:-->R:
      
                              M:   Does Robert study his lessons?
                              R:   Yes, he studies his lessons.

      
                              C:   always
                              M:   Yes, he [] studies [] his lessons [].

               CHOICE OF TEMPLATE
      
                    I.   Insertion or Re-order
      
                         20.  3.27      Rivers    General Conversion
      
                              A.   Re-order of model elements: M:[1][2]-->M:[1][2]
      
                              M:   [John and I] [are] sitting in the classroom.
                                     [1]         [2]                           --> [2][1]
           
                              B.   Insertion of cue, then Insertion, prompted by cue
      
                              1.   Insertion of primary element into model:  C:--> M:[]
      
                                   C:Do/Does
                                   M:[] the actress lives in Canada?

                              2.   Insertion of secondary element into model: E:-->M:C:[]

                                   C:+M:  Does the actress [live] in Canada?
                                                       ----->   

                    II.  Insertion (type A) or Insertion (type C)
      
                         61.  3.130     Stack     Chain Transformation
      
                              A.   Insertion of secondary element into model:  E:-->M:C:[]
      
                                   C:+M:     She [] study.
      
                              B.   Insertion of cue into model:  C:-->M:[]
      
                                   C:read
                                   M:They don't []



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