Appendix B:     Table     3.16

    Discrete Pedagocical Factors Illustrated in the Data



     1.    This  table  should be interpreted with reference  to  
     section 3.12 of the text
     ----------------------------------------------------------
                                                      
          1.   Realistic Interchange    6.   More than One Response           |  Y = YES, definately exhibits 
          2.   Extended Context         7.   Lexical Understanding Required   |           this feature
          3.   Truth Value              8.   New Elements, within Constraints |  y = yes, exhibits this feature
          4.   Information Gap          9.   New Elements, Free               |           to some minor degree
          5.   Function Practice                                                  

          1.   2.   3.   4.   5.   6.   7.   8.   9.             Reference  Author       Characterisation


          -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.48       Robinett     Mechanical Drill
                                                                     
          Y    Y    Y    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.49       Robinett     Meaningful  Drill
                                                                     
          Y    Y    Y    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.50       Robinett     Communicative Drill
                                                                     
          -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.158      Robinett     Manipulative Drill
                                                                     
          Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.159      Robinett     Communication  Drill
     
          -----------------------------------------              ---------------------------------------

          -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.51       Paulston     Meaningless Drill -1
                                                                     
          -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.52       Paulston     Meaningless Drill -2
               
          -    -    -    -    -    Y    y    -    Y              3.53       Paulston     Meaningful Drill 

          -----------------------------------------              ---------------------------------------
                                                                                                        
          -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.55       Cook         Non-Contextualised   
                                                                                         Drill
                                                                                                   
          Y    -    -    -    Y    -    -    -    -              3.56       Cook         Semi-Contextualised
                                                                                         Drill
                                                                                                        
          Y    Y    -    -    y    -    -    -    -              3.57       Cook         Contextualised  Drill                   
                                                                 
          Y    Y    Y    -    -    Y    Y    -    -              3.58       Cook         Situational Drill
          
          -----------------------------------------              ---------------------------------------
                    1.   Realistic Interchange    6.   More than One Response           |  Y = YES, definately exhibits 
          2.   Extended Context         7.   Lexical Understanding Required   |           this feature
          3.   Truth Value              8.   New Elements, within Constraints |  y = yes, exhibits this feature
          4.   Information Gap          9.   New Elements, Free               |           to some minor degree
          5.   Function Practice                                                  

          1.   2.   3.   4.   5.   6.   7.   8.   9.             Reference  Author       Characterisation

          -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.68       Byrne        Mechanical Drill
                                   
          -    -    Y    -    -    Y    Y    -    -              3.69       Byrne        Meaningful Drill -1 
          
          -    Y    Y    -    -    Y    Y    -    -              3.70       Byrne        Meaningful Drill -2
          
          Y    Y    -    Y    -    Y    Y    -    Y              3.71       Byrne        Special Meaningful Drill
          
          -    -    -    -    -    Y    y    Y    Y              3.72       Byrne        Open Ended Responses    

          Y    Y    -    y    -    Y    -    Y    -              3.73.1     Byrne        Imaginary Situations
                                                                                                        
          Y    Y    -    -    Y    Y    -    -    Y              3.73.2     Byrne        Imaginary Situations
                                                                                                        
          Y    Y    Y    -    Y    Y    Y    Y    -              3.74       Byrne        Meaningful Drill -3
                                                                                                        
          Y    Y    -    -    -    Y    Y    -    -              3.75       Byrne        Meaningful Drill -4
                                                            
          -----------------------------------------              ---------------------------------------
                                                                                         (All "Communicative")
                                                                                                    
          -    Y    -    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.76       Candlin      Get Organized:
                                                                                         Concept              
                                                                 
          -    Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.77       Candlin      Get Organized:
                                                                                         Narration            
                                                                 
          -    Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.78       Candlin      Get Organized:
                                                                                         True/false
                                                                 
          Y    Y    Y    -    -    Y    -    Y    -              3.79       Candlin      Get Organized:
                                                                                         Connecting 
                                                                 
          -    Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.80       Candlin      Get Organized:
                                                                                         Multiple choice
                                                                 
          -    Y    -    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.81       Candlin      Get Organized:
                                                                                         Recognition
                                                                 
          Y    Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.82       Candlin      Get Organized:
                                                                                         Word Scramble
                                                                           1.   Realistic Interchange    6.   More than One Response           |  Y = YES, definately exhibits 
          2.   Extended Context         7.   Lexical Understanding Required   |           this feature
          3.   Truth Value              8.   New Elements, within Constraints |  y = yes, exhibits this feature
          4.   Information Gap          9.   New Elements, Free               |           to some minor degree
          5.   Function Practice                                                  

          1.   2.   3.   4.   5.   6.   7.   8.   9.             Reference  Author       Characterisation

          Y    Y    -    -    -    Y    Y    Y    -              3.84       Candlin      Implanting Skills:
                                                                                         Memorizing
                                                                                         Cognitive Language
                                                                 
          Y    Y    -    -    y    -    -    -    -              3.85       Candlin      Implanting Skills:
                                                                                         Memorizing
                                                                                         Affective Language             
                                                                 
          Y    Y    -    -    -    Y    Y    Y    -              3.86       Candlin      Implanting Skills:
                                                                                         Picture Skills
                                                                 
          -    Y    -    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.87       Candlin      Implanting Skills:
                                                                                         Restoration-1

          -    Y    -    -    -    Y    -    -    Y              3.89       Candlin      Implanting Skills:
                                                                                         Restoration:
                                                                                         Catchwords
                                                                 
          -    Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.90       Candlin      Implanting Skills:
                                                                                         Restoration:         
                                                                                         Gap Text             
                                                                 
          Y    Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.91       Candlin      Implanting Skills:
                                                                                         Restoration:
                                                                                         Gap Text/New Text
                                                                 
          Y    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.92       Candlin      Implanting Skills
                                                                                         Restoration:
          
          -----------------------------------------              ---------------------------------------
          
          Y    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.93       Stevick      Manipulative            
                                                                                                        
          Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.94       Stevick      Meaningful              
                                                                                                        
          -----------------------------------------              ---------------------------------------
                                                                                         (All Meaningful)
                                                                 
          -    -    Y    -    -    Y    Y    Y    -              3.95       Dakin        Application Drill
                                                                 
          -    -    Y    -    -    Y    Y    Y    -              3.96       Dakin        General Knowledge Drill
                                                                           1.   Realistic Interchange    6.   More than One Response           |  Y = YES, definately exhibits 
          2.   Extended Context         7.   Lexical Understanding Required   |           this feature
          3.   Truth Value              8.   New Elements, within Constraints |  y = yes, exhibits this feature
          4.   Information Gap          9.   New Elements, Free               |           to some minor degree
          5.   Function Practice                                                  

          1.   2.   3.   4.   5.   6.   7.   8.   9.             Reference  Author       Characterisation

          Y    -    -    -    -    Y    Y    Y    Y              3.97       Dakin        Collocation Drill
                                                                 
          -    -    -    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.98       Dakin        Synonymy Drill
                                                                 
          -    -    -    -    -    Y    Y    Y    -              3.99       Dakin        Hyponymy Drill           
                                                                 
          -    -    -    -    -    Y    Y    -    -              3.100      Dakin        Antonymy Drill
                                                                 
          Y    Y    Y    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.101      Dakin        Converse Drill
                                                                 
          -    -    -    -    -    Y    Y    Y    -              3.102      Dakin        Consequence Drill
     
          -----------------------------------------              ---------------------------------------
                                                                                                        
          -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.150      Beile        Non-Communicative
     
          Y    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.151      Beile        Isolated Communicative
                                                                                         Interchange
     
          Y    Y    -    -    Y    -    -    -    -              3.152      Beile        Isolated Communicate
                                                                                         Interchange in 
                                                                                         Situational Context
                                                                                                        
          Y    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.153      Beile        Connected Communicative
                                                                                         Interchange
                                                                                                        
          Y    Y    -    -    Y    -    -    -    -              3.154      Beile        Connected Communicative
                                                                                         Interchange in   
                                                                                         Situational Context
                                                                 
          -    -    -    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.155      Beile        No Contextualisation
                                                            
          -    -    -    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.156      Beile        Dialog-like, Not
                                                                                         Contextualisable
                                                                 
          Y    y    -    -    -    -    Y    -    -              3.157      Beile        Contextualisable
          
          -----------------------------------------              ---------------------------------------
                                                                 
                                                                                         (unpatterned)
                                                                 
          1.   Realistic Interchange    6.   More than One Response           |  Y = YES, definately exhibits           2.   Extended Context         7.   Lexical Understanding Required   |           this feature
          3.   Truth Value              8.   New Elements, within Constraints |  y = yes, exhibits this feature
          4.   Information Gap          9.   New Elements, Free               |           to some minor degree
          5.   Function Practice                                                  

          1.   2.   3.   4.   5.   6.   7.   8.   9.             Reference  Author       Characterisation

          Y    Y    Y    -    -    -    -    -    -              3.160      Stack        Meaningful Drill -1

          Y    -    -    -    -    Y    y    Y    -              3.161      Stack        Meaningful Drill -2
                                                                                         (patterned)            
          


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